Arief Yudhawarman

Masih belajar buat blog

Membangun Jaringan Telpon VOIP dengan PABX, Asterisk, SPA400 dan PAP2T

with 5 comments

Topologi

Dalam proyek ini akan dibangun sambungan line PABX baru melalui jalur wireless dari Main Office ke Remote Office A dan Remote Office B untuk itu dibutuhkan SPA400, (Internet Telephony Gateway) dan PAP2T (Internet Phone Adapters) serta tentu saja Asterisk. SPA400 ini menghubungkan jaringan telpon analog (PSTN atau PABX) ke jaringan VOIP (Asterisk). PAP2T menghubungkan pesawat telpon ke jaringan VOIP. Asterisk dikonfigurasi agar nomor extension PABX tertentu selalu melalui port tertentu di SPA400 (incoming dan outgoing).

Topologi
topologi-voip-lati-awp

Router dan Server

  1. Mikrotik RB750 : 192.168.51.190
  2. Server Linux (CentOS 5.4) : 192.168.51.253

Perangkat VOIP

  1. SPA400 (Internet Telephony Gateway w/ 4 FXO ports)
    No Nama IP Address Line 1 Line 2 Line 3 Line 4 UserID
    1 SPA400-1 192.168.51.185 310 311 320 321 9000
    2 SPA400-2 192.168.51.172 - 312 - - 9001

    SPA400-complete-awp

  2. PAP2T (Internet Phone Adapters with 2 VoIP Ports)
    No Nama IP Address Phone 1 (VOIP 1) Phone 2 (VOIP 2)
    1 PAP2T-1 192.168.51.186 321 (2000) 311 (2001)
    1 PAP2T-2 192.168.51.187 310 (2002) 320 (2003)
    3 PAP2T-3 192.168.51.173 312 (2004) -


    PAP2T-complete-awp


Instalasi Asterisk

Berikut ini instalasi asterisk di centos 5.4.

  1. Buat file /etc/yum.repos.d/centos-asterisk.repo:
    [asterisk-tested] 
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Asterisk - Tested 
    baseurl=http://packages.asterisk.org/centos/$releasever/tested/$basearch/ 
    enabled=0 
    gpgcheck=0 
    #gpgkey=http://packages.asterisk.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-Digium 
    
    [asterisk-current] 
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Asterisk - Current 
    baseurl=http://packages.asterisk.org/centos/$releasever/current/$basearch/ 
    enabled=1 
    gpgcheck=0 
    #gpgkey=http://packages.asterisk.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-Digium

  2. Buat file /etc/yum.repos.d/centos-digium.repo:
    [digium-tested] 
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Digium - Tested 
    baseurl=http://packages.digium.com/centos/$releasever/tested/$basearch/ 
    enabled=0 
    gpgcheck=0 
    #gpgkey=http://packages.digium.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-Digium 
    
    [digium-current] 
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Digium - Current 
    baseurl=http://packages.digium.com/centos/$releasever/current/$basearch/ 
    enabled=1 
    gpgcheck=0 
    #gpgkey=http://packages.digium.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-Digium

  3. Instal asterisk
    [root@server ~]# yum install asterisk16 asterisk16-configs \
    asterisk16-voicemail dahdi-linux dahdi-tools libpri
    
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Determining fastest mirrors
     * addons: mirrors.digipower.vn
     * base: mirrors.digipower.vn
     * extras: mirrors.digipower.vn
     * updates: mirrors.digipower.vn
    addons                                                    |  951 B  00:00
    asterisk-current                                          | 1.1 kB  00:00
    asterisk-current/primary                                  | 206 kB  00:03
    asterisk-current                                                  938/938
    base                                                      | 2.1 kB  00:00
    digium-current                                            | 1.1 kB  00:00
    digium-current/primary                                    |  35 kB  00:00
    digium-current                                                    276/276
    extras                                                    | 2.1 kB  00:00 
    updates                                                   | 1.9 kB  00:00
    updates/primary_db                                        | 725 kB  00:09
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package asterisk16.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5 set to be updated
    --> Processing Dependency: asterisk16-dahdi = 1.6.2.19-1_centos5 for package: asterisk16
    --> Processing Dependency: asterisk16-core = 1.6.2.19-1_centos5 for package: asterisk16
    --> Processing Dependency: asterisk16-doc = 1.6.2.19 for package: asterisk16
    --> Processing Dependency: asterisk-sounds-core-en-gsm for package: asterisk16
    ---> Package asterisk16-configs.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package asterisk16-voicemail.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package dahdi-linux.x86_64 0:2.4.1.2-1_centos5 set to be updated
    --> Processing Dependency: dahdi-firmware for package: dahdi-linux
    --> Processing Dependency: yum-kmod for package: dahdi-linux
    --> Processing Dependency: kmod-dahdi-linux for package: dahdi-linux
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package asterisk-sounds-core-en-gsm.noarch 0:1.4.21-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package asterisk16-core.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package asterisk16-dahdi.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5 set to be updated
    --> Processing Dependency: libopenr2 for package: asterisk16-dahdi
    --> Processing Dependency: libss7 for package: asterisk16-dahdi
    --> Processing Dependency: libtonezone for package: asterisk16-dahdi
    --> Processing Dependency: libpri for package: asterisk16-dahdi
    ---> Package asterisk16-doc.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package dahdi-firmware.noarch 0:2.0.2-1_centos5 set to be updated
    --> Processing Dependency: dahdi-firmware-hx8 = 2.06 for package: dahdi-firmware
    --> Processing Dependency: dahdi-firmware-tc400m = MR6.12 for package: dahdi-firmware
    --> Processing Dependency: dahdi-firmware-oct6114-064 = 1.05.01 for package: dahdi-firmware
    --> Processing Dependency: dahdi-firmware-oct6114-128 = 1.05.01 for package: dahdi-firmware
    --> Processing Dependency: dahdi-linux-fwload-vpmadt032-kmod for package: dahdi-firmware
    ---> Package kmod-dahdi-linux.x86_64 0:2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5 set to be installed
    --> Processing Dependency: kernel-x86_64 = 2.6.18-238.19.1.el5 for package: kmod-dahdi-linux
    ---> Package yum-kmod.noarch 0:1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1 set to be updated
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package dahdi-firmware-hx8.noarch 0:2.06-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package dahdi-firmware-oct6114-064.noarch 0:1.05.01-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package dahdi-firmware-oct6114-128.noarch 0:1.05.01-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package dahdi-firmware-tc400m.noarch 0:MR6.12-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.18-238.19.1.el5 set to be installed
    ---> Package kmod-dahdi-linux-fwload-vpmadt032.x86_64 0:2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5 set to be installed
    ---> Package libopenr2.x86_64 0:1.2.0-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package libpri.x86_64 0:1.4.11.5-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package libss7.x86_64 0:1.0.2-1_centos5 set to be updated
    ---> Package libtonezone.x86_64 0:2.4.1-1_centos5 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ==================================================================================
     Package                     Arch    Version              Repository         Size
    ==================================================================================
    Installing:
     asterisk16                  x86_64  1.6.2.19-1_centos5   asterisk-current  5.5 k
     asterisk16-configs          x86_64  1.6.2.19-1_centos5   asterisk-current  162 k
     asterisk16-voicemail        x86_64  1.6.2.19-1_centos5   asterisk-current  234 k
     dahdi-linux                 x86_64  2.4.1.2-1_centos5    asterisk-current  3.2 k
    Installing for dependencies:
     asterisk-sounds-core-en-gsm noarch  1.4.21-1_centos5     asterisk-current  1.8 M
     asterisk16-core             x86_64  1.6.2.19-1_centos5   asterisk-current   13 M
     asterisk16-dahdi            x86_64  1.6.2.19-1_centos5   asterisk-current  984 k
     asterisk16-doc              x86_64  1.6.2.19-1_centos5   asterisk-current   13 k
     dahdi-firmware              noarch  2.0.2-1_centos5      digium-current    2.0 k
     dahdi-firmware-hx8          noarch  2.06-1_centos5       digium-current     31 k
     dahdi-firmware-oct6114-064  noarch  1.05.01-1_centos5    digium-current    165 k
     dahdi-firmware-oct6114-128  noarch  1.05.01-1_centos5    digium-current    166 k
     dahdi-firmware-tc400m       noarch  MR6.12-1_centos5     digium-current    1.7 M
     kernel                      x86_64  2.6.18-238.19.1.el5  updates            19 M
     kmod-dahdi-linux            x86_64  2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5  asterisk-current      3.8 M
     kmod-dahdi-linux-fwload-vpmadt032  x86_64  2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5 digium-current  128 k
     libopenr2                   x86_64  1.2.0-1_centos5      asterisk-current  169 k
     libpri                      x86_64  1.4.11.5-1_centos5   asterisk-current  376 k
     libss7                      x86_64  1.0.2-1_centos5      asterisk-current   67 k
     libtonezone                 x86_64  2.4.1-1_centos5      asterisk-current   18 k
     yum-kmod                    noarch  1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1    base          18 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ==================================================================================
    Install     21 Package(s)         
    Update       0 Package(s)         
    Remove       0 Package(s)         
    
    Total download size: 42 M
    Is this ok [y/N]: y
    Is this ok [y/N]: y
    Downloading Packages:
    (1/21): dahdi-firmware-2.0.2-1_centos5.noarch.rpm                      | 2.0 kB  00:00
    (2/21): dahdi-linux-2.4.1.2-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                       | 3.2 kB  00:00
    (3/21): asterisk16-1.6.2.19-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                       | 5.5 kB  00:00
    (4/21): asterisk16-doc-1.6.2.19-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                   |  13 kB  00:00
    (5/21): yum-kmod-1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1.noarch.rpm                     |  18 kB  00:00
    (6/21): libtonezone-2.4.1-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                         |  18 kB  00:00
    (7/21): dahdi-firmware-hx8-2.06-1_centos5.noarch.rpm                   |  31 kB  00:01
    (8/21): libss7-1.0.2-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                              |  67 kB  00:01
    (9/21): kmod-dahdi-linux-fwload-vpmadt032-2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238 | 128 kB  00:02
    (10/21): asterisk16-configs-1.6.2.19-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm              | 162 kB  00:04
    (11/21): dahdi-firmware-oct6114-064-1.05.01-1_centos5.noarch.rpm       | 165 kB  00:03
    (12/21): dahdi-firmware-oct6114-128-1.05.01-1_centos5.noarch.rpm       | 166 kB  00:03
    (13/21): libopenr2-1.2.0-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                          | 169 kB  00:03     
    (14/21): asterisk16-voicemail-1.6.2.19-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm            | 234 kB  00:08     
    (15/21): libpri-1.4.11.5-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                          | 376 kB  00:08     
    (16/21): asterisk16-dahdi-1.6.2.19-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                | 984 kB  00:42     
    (17/21): dahdi-firmware-tc400m-MR6.12-1_centos5.noarch.rpm             | 1.7 MB  00:56     
    (18/21): asterisk-sounds-core-en-gsm-1.4.21-1_centos5.noarch.rpm       | 1.8 MB  01:04     
    (19/21): kmod-dahdi-linux-2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5.x86_64 | 3.8 MB  01:02     
    (20/21): asterisk16-core-1.6.2.19-1_centos5.x86_64.rpm                 |  13 MB  02:57     
    (21/21): kernel-2.6.18-238.19.1.el5.x86_64.rpm                         |  19 MB  05:15     
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total                                                          56 kB/s |  42 MB     12:51     
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Finished Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing     : asterisk16-core                                         1/21
      Installing     : asterisk16-voicemail                                    2/21
      Installing     : libtonezone                                             3/21
      Installing     : libss7                                                  4/21
      Installing     : libpri                                                  5/21
      Installing     : kernel                                                  6/21
      Installing     : kmod-dahdi-linux                                        7/21
      Installing     : kmod-dahdi-linux-fwload-vpmadt032                       8/21 
      Installing     : asterisk16-doc                                          9/21 
      Installing     : dahdi-firmware-oct6114-064                             10/21 
      Installing     : dahdi-firmware-oct6114-128                             11/21 
      Installing     : asterisk-sounds-core-en-gsm                            12/21 
      Installing     : dahdi-firmware-hx8                                     13/21 
      Installing     : yum-kmod                                               14/21 
      Installing     : dahdi-firmware-tc400m                                  15/21 
      Installing     : dahdi-firmware                                         16/21 
      Installing     : dahdi-linux                                            17/21 
      Installing     : libopenr2                                              18/21 
      Installing     : asterisk16-dahdi                                       19/21 
      Installing     : asterisk16                                             20/21 
      Installing     : asterisk16-configs                                     21/21 
    
    Installed:
      asterisk16.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5                                                      
      asterisk16-configs.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5                                              
      asterisk16-voicemail.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5                                            
      dahdi-linux.x86_64 0:2.4.1.2-1_centos5                                                      
    
    Dependency Installed:
      asterisk-sounds-core-en-gsm.noarch 0:1.4.21-1_centos5                                       
      asterisk16-core.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5                                                 
      asterisk16-dahdi.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5                                                
      asterisk16-doc.x86_64 0:1.6.2.19-1_centos5                                                  
      dahdi-firmware.noarch 0:2.0.2-1_centos5                                                     
      dahdi-firmware-hx8.noarch 0:2.06-1_centos5                                                  
      dahdi-firmware-oct6114-064.noarch 0:1.05.01-1_centos5                                       
      dahdi-firmware-oct6114-128.noarch 0:1.05.01-1_centos5                                       
      dahdi-firmware-tc400m.noarch 0:MR6.12-1_centos5                                             
      kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.18-238.19.1.el5                                                         
      kmod-dahdi-linux.x86_64 0:2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5                             
      kmod-dahdi-linux-fwload-vpmadt032.x86_64 0:2.4.1.2-1_centos5.2.6.18_238.19.1.el5            
      libopenr2.x86_64 0:1.2.0-1_centos5                                                          
      libpri.x86_64 0:1.4.11.5-1_centos5                                                          
      libss7.x86_64 0:1.0.2-1_centos5                                                             
      libtonezone.x86_64 0:2.4.1-1_centos5                                                        
      yum-kmod.noarch 0:1.1.16-14.el5.centos.1                                                    
    
    Complete!
    
    Congratulations, you now have a CentOS or RedHat system with a complete version of Asterisk installed.
    Test out your new install by starting Asterisk:
    
    asterisk -vvvgci
    
    


Konfigurasi Asterisk

  1. Buat file /etc/asterisk/sip.conf
    [general] 
    port = 5060 
    bindaddr = 0.0.0.0 
    context = others 
    register => 9000@192.168.51.185/9000 
    register => 9001@192.168.51.172/9001 
    
    [2000] 
    type=friend 
    defaultuser=2000 
    context=ph2000 
    secret=1234 
    host=dynamic 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw 
    
    [2001] 
    type=friend 
    defaultuser=2001 
    context=ph2001 
    secret=1234 
    host=dynamic 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw 
    
    [2002] 
    type=friend 
    defaultuser=2002 
    context=ph2002 
    secret=1234 
    host=dynamic 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw 
    
    [2003] 
    type=friend 
    defaultuser=2003 
    context=ph2003 
    secret=1234 
    host=dynamic 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw 
    
    [2004] 
    type=friend 
    defaultuser=2004 
    context=ph2004 
    secret=1234 
    host=dynamic 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw 
    
    [9000] 
    ;type=peer 
    type=friend 
    user=9000 
    host=192.168.51.185 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    context=from-spa400-1 
    insecure=port,invite 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw 
    
    [9001] 
    ;type=peer 
    type=friend 
    user=9001 
    host=192.168.51.172 
    dtmfmode=rfc2833 
    canreinvite=no 
    context=from-spa400-2 
    insecure=port,invite 
    disallow=all 
    allow=alaw 
    allow=ulaw

  2. Buat File /etc/asterisk/extension.conf:
    [globals] 
    TRUNK1=SIP/9000 
    TRUNK2=SIP/9001 
    
    [others] 
    
    [trunklocal] 
    include => fun-stuff 
    exten => _200[0-4],1,Dial(SIP/${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _200[0-4],2,VoiceMail(${EXTEN},u) 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    
    ; 321 
    [ph2000] 
    include => trunklocal 
    exten => _XXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L1${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _70X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L1${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _83X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L1${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    
    ; 311 
    [ph2001] 
    include => trunklocal 
    exten => _XXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L2${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _70X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L2${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _83X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L2${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    
    ; 310 
    [ph2002] 
    include => trunklocal 
    exten => _XXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L3${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _70X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L3${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _83X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L3${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    
    ; 320 
    [ph2003] 
    include => trunklocal 
    exten => _XXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L4${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _70X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L4${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _83X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK1}/L4${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    
    ; 312 
    [ph2004] 
    include => trunklocal 
    exten => _XXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK2}/L2${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _70X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK2}/L2${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => _83X.,1,Dial(${TRUNK2}/L2${EXTEN},15) 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    
    [from-trunk-1] 
    exten => 321,1,Dial(SIP/2000,15) 
    ;exten => 321,2,VoiceMail(2000,u) 
    ;exten => 321,2,Hangup 
    exten => 311,1,Dial(SIP/2001,15) 
    ;exten => 311,2,VoiceMail(2001,u) 
    ;exten => 311,2,Hangup 
    exten => 310,1,Dial(SIP/2002,15) 
    ;exten => 310,2,VoiceMail(2002,u) 
    ;exten => 310,2,Hangup 
    exten => 320,1,Dial(SIP/2003,15) 
    ;exten => 320,2,VoiceMail(2003,u) 
    ;exten => 320,2,Hangup 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    ;exten => _X.,1,Congestion() 
    
    [from-trunk-2] 
    exten => 312,1,Dial(SIP/2004,15) 
    ;exten => 312,2,VoiceMail(2004,u) 
    ;exten => 312,2,Hangup 
    exten => h,1,Hangup 
    ;exten => _X.,1,Congestion() 
    
    [from-spa400-1] 
    exten => _X.,1,Goto(from-trunk-1,${CUT(CUT(SIP_HEADER(To),@,1),:,2)},1) 
    
    [from-spa400-2] 
    exten => _X.,1,Goto(from-trunk-2,${CUT(CUT(SIP_HEADER(To),@,1),:,2)},1) 
    
    [fun-stuff] 
    exten => 500,1,Answer() 
    exten => 500,2,Playback(demo-echotest) 
    exten => 500,3,Echo 
    exten => 500,4,Playback(demo-echodone) 
    exten => 500,5,Hangup

  3. Buat file /etc/asterisk/voicemail.conf:
    [general] 
    format = wav 
    [default] 
    2000 => 4711,voicemail,2000@domain.com
    2001 => 0815,voicemail,2001@domain.com
    2002 => 0915,voicemail,2002@domain.com
    2003 => 1015,voicemail,2003@domain.com
    2004 => 1115,voicemail,2004@domain.com

  4. Jalankan asterisk.

    /etc/init.d/asterisk start


Konfigurasi SPA400

  1. SPA400-1
    • User ID : 9000
    • IP Address : 192.168.51.185/255.255.255.192
    • Gateway : 192.168.51.190
    • Port ID
      • Port ID 1 : 321
      • Port ID 2 : 311
      • Port ID 3 : 310
      • Port ID 4 : 320

    SPA400 Basic Setup SPA400-1-awp
    SPA400 SPA9000 Interface SPA400-1-awp

  2. SPA400-2
    • User ID : 9001
    • IP Address : 192.168.51.172/255.255.255.192
    • Gateway : 192.168.51.190
    • Port ID
      • Port ID 1 : OFF1
      • Port ID 2 : 312
      • Port ID 3 : OFF3
      • Port ID 4 : OFF4

    SPA400 Basic Setup SPA400-2-awp
    SPA400 SPA9000 Interface SPA400-2-awp

  3. Konfigurasi Voice atau PSTN
    SPA400 Voice Settings-awp
  4. Setelah itu hubungkan line pabx sesuai nomor ext ke line1 s/d line4 di SPA400-1 dan line2 di SPA400-2. Status masing-masing SPA400 diperlihatkan pada gambar-gambar di bawah ini.
    SPA400 Status SPA400-1-awp
    SPA400 Status SPA400-2-awp
    Pastikan bahwa SIP registration status menunjukkan Registered (apabila asterisk sudah running). Kemudian lihat Battery Level di Line 1 s/d 4 (SPA400-1), apabila semua line extension PABX telah disambungkan ke port-port line 1 s/d 4 di SPA400-1 maka akan ditunjukkan besar tegangan tertentu seperti 27V.Line status menunjukkan apakah ada komunikasi voip atau tidak. Jika ada komunikasi dan pembicaraan sedang berlangsung maka status dari line yang bersangkutan akan berisi Off-Hook dan tegangan line tersebut akan senantiasa < 10V. Misal jika ada panggilan melalui line 1 kemudian terjadi pembicaraan telpon maka status line 1 akan menunjukkan Off-Hook dan tegangan line 1 akan senantiasa < 10V.Apabila USB Capacity status menunjukkan error atau tidak sesuai nilai di atas, itu berarti usb flash disk belum dicolokkan ke port usb di SPA400. Matikan dahulu SPA400 sebelum mencolokkan usb.Saat memasukkan extension PABX ke port-port line di SPA400 selalu monitor battery level seperti gambar di atas. Apabila ada keanehan seperti semua line menunjukkan level tegangan namun yang dimasukkan hanya 3 line atau kurang dari itu maka matikan SPA400, tunggu sesaat kemudian hidupkan kembali.


Konfigurasi PAP2T

  1. Konfigurasi IP Address
    Untuk konfigurasi IP Address PAP2T gunakan Interactive Voice Response Menu dengan cara hubungkan pesawat telpon ke salah satu port phone di PAP2T kemudian dial ****. Jangan tekan tombol apa pun sampai terdengar suara “Configuration menu. Please enter option followed by the # (pound) key or hang up to exit.

    Command Description
    100# Check DHCP feature status (wheter or not unit obtains ip via dhcp)
    101# Change DHCP feature (1 to enable, 0 to disable)
    110# Announce IP Address of the unit
    111# To set a static IP address, the DHCP feature must be disabled . If the DHCP feature is enabled, you will hear, “Invalid Option”. Enter the IP address using the numbers on your telephone keypad. Use the * (star) key to enter a decimal point.
    120# Announce netmask of the unit
    121# To set the network mask, the DHCP feature must be disabled . If the DHCP feature is enabled, you will hear, “Invalid Option”. Enter the network mask using numbers on your telephone keypad. Use the * (star) key to enter a decimal point.
    130# Announce default route of the unit
    131# To set a static gateway IP address, the DHCP feature must be disabled. If the DHCP feature is enabled, you will hear, “Invalid Option”. Enter the IP address using numbers on your telephone keypad. Use the * (star) key to enter a decimal point.
    150# Gives firmware version
    732668# Reboot the unit

    No Nama IP Address Netmask Gateway
    1 PAP2T-1 192.168.51.186 255.255.255.192 192.168.51.190
    2 PAP2T-2 192.168.51.187 255.255.255.192 192.168.51.190
    3 PAP2T-3 192.168.51.173 255.255.255.192 192.168.51.190

  2. Line Configuration
    Untuk setup line configuration login ke alamat web PAP2T http://192.168.51.187.
    Lalu klik link Admin Login:
    pap2t - info-awp

    Line Configuration Global untuk PAP2T

    Proxy : 192.168.51.253
    Register : Yes
    Register Expires : 3600
    Make Call Without Reg : No
    Ans Call Without Reg : No
    Preferred Codec : G711a

    Line Configuration PAP2T-1

    Line Line Enable SIP Port Display Name User ID Password Use Auth ID
    1 yes 5060 2000 2000 1234 no
    2 yes 5061 2001 2001 1234 no

    Line Configuration PAP2T-2

    Line Line Enable SIP Port Display Name User ID Password Use Auth ID
    1 yes 5060 2002 2002 1234 no
    2 yes 5061 2003 2003 1234 no

    Line Configuration PAP2T-3

    Line Line Enable SIP Port Display Name User ID Password Use Auth ID
    1 yes 5060 2004 2004 1234 no


    Berikut ini gambar-gambar contoh konfigurasi line 1 dan line 2 PAP2T-2.
    pap2t - line1 conf-awp

    pap2t - line2 conf-awp


Test VOIP

  1. Setelah semua unit PAP2T dipasang dengan benar sesuai seting di atas maka selanjutnya jalankan browser dan buka status PAP2T-1 di http://192.168.51.186
  2. Pastikan bahwa status registrasi line 1 dan line 2 sudah Online seperti gambar di bawah:
    pap2t - line1 stat-awp
    pap2t - line2 stat-awp
  3. Lakukan langkah yang sama untuk mencek status PAP2T yang lain.
  4. Angkat pesawat telpon yang tersambung ke PAP2T dan pastikan mendengar nada dialtone.
  5. Lakukan test dial ke nomor VOIP. Misal jika dari pesawat 2000 dial ke 2001, 2002, 2003 dan 2004.
  6. Lakukan test dial ke nomor EXT. Misal jika dari ext 310 dial ke ext 311, 312, 320 dan 321. Lakukan pula ke nomor EXT di Main Office.
  7. Minta teman di Main Office untuk telpon ke salah satu nomor extension (310, 311, 312, 320 atau 321).
  8. Apabila ada masalah seperti sambungan sibuk yang ditunjukkan dengan tegangan pada sambungan drop di angka < 10V padahal sudah tidak ada percakapan di sambungan tersebut maka reboot SPA400 di Menu Administration / Reboot.


Monitor Asterisk

  1. Setelah logon ke server linux sebagai user root jalankan perintah di bawah:


    asterisk -rvvvv

  2. Asterisk akan menampilkan output sebagai berikut:

    Asterisk 1.6.2.19, Copyright (C) 1999 - 2010 Digium, Inc. and others. 
    Created by Mark Spencer  
    Asterisk comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; type 'core show warranty' for details. 
    This is free software, with components licensed under the GNU General Public 
    License version 2 and other licenses; you are welcome to redistribute it under 
    certain conditions. Type 'core show license' for details. 
    ========================================================================= 
      == Parsing '/etc/asterisk/asterisk.conf':   == Found 
      == Parsing '/etc/asterisk/extconfig.conf':   == Found 
    Connected to Asterisk 1.6.2.19 currently running on server (pid = 3612) 
    Verbosity is at least 4 
    

  3. Jalankan perintah sip show peers di command line asterisk untuk melihat sip peers.

    server*CLI> sip show peers 
    Name/username              Host            Dyn Nat ACL Port     Status     
    2000/2000                  192.168.51.186   D          5060     Unmonitored 
    2001/2001                  192.168.51.186   D          5061     Unmonitored 
    2002/2002                  192.168.51.187   D          5060     Unmonitored 
    2003/2003                  192.168.51.187   D          5061     Unmonitored 
    2004/2004                  192.168.51.173   D          5060     Unmonitored 
    9000                       192.168.51.185              5060     Unmonitored 
    9001                       192.168.51.172              5060     Unmonitored 
    7 sip peers [Monitored: 0 online, 0 offline Unmonitored: 7 online, 0 offline] 
    server*CLI>
    

  4. Jalankan sip show registry untuk melihat status sip registration.

    server*CLI> sip show registry
    Host                  dnsmgr Username  Refresh State       Reg.Time                 
    192.168.51.172:5060   N      9001          105 Registered  Thu, 30 Aug 2012 08:23:36 
    192.168.51.185:5060   N      9000          105 Registered  Thu, 30 Aug 2012 08:24:07 
    2 SIP registrations.
    

  5. Tes dial ke no extension 312 dan perhatikan log di asterisk saat panggilan masuk (ringing), panggilan dijawab (answered) dan panggilan berakhir (hangup).

    server*CLI> 
      == Using SIP RTP CoS mark 5 
        -- Executing [9001@from-spa400-2:1] Goto("SIP/9001-0000001a", "from-trunk-2,312,1") in new stack 
        -- Goto (from-trunk-2,312,1) 
        -- Executing [312@from-trunk-2:1] Dial("SIP/9001-0000001a", "SIP/2004,15") in new stack 
      == Using SIP RTP CoS mark 5 
        -- Called 2004 
        -- SIP/2004-0000001b is ringing 
        -- SIP/2004-0000001b answered SIP/9001-0000001a 
        -- Packet2Packet bridging SIP/9001-0000001a and SIP/2004-0000001b 
        -- Executing [h@from-trunk-2:1] Hangup("SIP/9001-0000001a", "") in new stack 
      == Spawn extension (from-trunk-2, h, 1) exited non-zero on 'SIP/9001-0000001a' 
      == Spawn extension (from-trunk-2, 312, 1) exited non-zero on 'SIP/9001-0000001a' 
        -- Executing [h@from-trunk-2:1] Hangup("SIP/9001-0000001a", "") in new stack 
      == Spawn extension (from-trunk-2, h, 1) exited non-zero on 'SIP/9001-0000001a' 
    server*CLI> 
    


    Catatan: Panggilan yang melalui SPA400 akan diteruskan ke asterisk setelah 3 nada dering (default).


Referensi:

  1. How To Install Asterisk On Centos 5
  2. Linksys-Cisco SPA400
  3. SPA400 Selecting outbound line with Asterisk
  4. Asterisk™: The Definitive Guide


Last update: 2010-04-11 21:50 +07:00

About these ads

Written by awarmanf

April 11, 2013 at 10:10 am

Posted in asterisk, Linux

Tagged with , , ,

5 Responses

Subscribe to comments with RSS.

  1. Salam mas Arief

    Ijin menyimak, mungkin suatu saat nanti bisa implementasi

    Regards

    Abi Ihsan Miswadi

  2. Ijin nyimak pak… mantap ini… byk yg harus dipelajari..

    nug

    April 17, 2013 at 5:05 am

  3. Reblogged this on Sinaga17 | Share Pengalaman.

    sinaga17

    May 22, 2013 at 9:05 am

  4. ya Allah masih gak ngerti ;(

  5. tak praktekan dlu ya mas, obrak abrik gudang dlu, ada gak perangkat yang seperti itu hehehe, baru mo konekin ke pabx, bingung dari kemarin, eh Alkahmdulillah sekarang udah ada sedikit bayangan logika cara ngonekin asterisk ke pabx , gara2 baca tulisan mu ini mas, thkss yo

    meedjo

    March 20, 2014 at 10:14 am


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d bloggers like this: